An introduction to the history of vietnam war

With his approval ratings dropping in an election year, Johnson called a halt to bombing in much of North Vietnam though bombings continued in the south and promised to dedicate the rest of his term to seeking peace rather than reelection. Although initially supportive of a fight against communism, the American public became disillusioned by the bloody, seemingly endless war they saw broadcast into their homes on the news each night.

introduction to the vietnam war

Vietnam War Dates The most commonly used dates for the conflict are History: War. At another protest 10 days later, two students at Jackson State University in Mississippi were killed by police.

Vietnam war timeline

On one side were the communist forces of North Vietnam, who sought to unite the country under a communist government. The later years of the war saw increased physical and psychological deterioration among American soldiers—both volunteers and draftees—including drug use, post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD , mutinies and attacks by soldiers against officers and noncommissioned officers. By , Ho had achieved political prominence and sufficient military power to defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu. Additionally, supported by aid from China and the Soviet Union, North Vietnam strengthened its air defenses. The treaty also called for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. This perception of the Vietnam War would also influence the US restrictions imposed on the media during the Persian Gulf War , the war in Afghanistan and the Iraq War By the time it was over, more than one million Vietnamese and nearly sixty thousand Americans were dead, and the North Vietnamese were victorious. Though the flow of aid increased, President John F.

On January 31,some 70, DRV forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap launched the Tet Offensive named for the lunar new yeara coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than cities and towns in South Vietnam. On November 15,the largest anti-war demonstration in American history took place in Washington, D.

Vietnam war facts

In March , Johnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The Vietnam War is still the most photographed and filmed conflict of all time, when photojournalists and TV journalists had unrestricted access to the battlefield—in South Vietnam, that is—bringing the war into many living rooms worldwide. End of the War and the Fall of Saigon The withdrawal of US troops continued and more responsibility was passed to the ARVN, which continued to prove ineffective in combat, often relying on American support to stave off defeat. Worried about the situation, the Kennedy Administration elected to increase aid to South Vietnam. On January 31, , some 70, DRV forces under General Vo Nguyen Giap launched the Tet Offensive named for the lunar new year , a coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than cities and towns in South Vietnam. The mistrust of Washington that had begun after Tet increased with the release of news about bloody battles of questionable value such as Hamburger Hill The United States —if not precisely the loser, certainly not the victor—was compelled to reexamine not only its commitment to fighting communism but the foundations of its very national identity.

Reports of the Tet Offensive stunned the U. Upon the Japanese surrender, France reasserted control of its colony with American support. The Hanoi government estimates that in 21 years of fighting, four million civilians were killed across North and South Vietnam, and 1.

Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital.

vietnam war combatants

On it were inscribed the names of 57, American men and women killed or missing in the war; later additions brought that total to 58, This period begins with North Vietnam's first guerilla attacks against the South and ends with the fall of Saigon.

Shots were fired, but no one was injured.

vietnam war causes

Kent State Shooting Ina joint U.

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