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Why are there differences in the ethnic group response categories? A further development has been to combine national or geographical origin with a colour term such as Black, as in Black-African, to identify more precisely which group is being referred to for people originating from a part of the world which is itself multi-ethnic, such as sub-Saharan Africa.
These instructions should also be included on paper-based surveys. This is done in order to provide data on which to measure or examine sectarianism, rather than looking at Christian and non-Christian. However these concepts are measured, in particular, ethnic group and national identity, they tend to evolve in the context of social and political attitudes or developments.
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The GOS found that "Black" was a polarising term for many focus group participants and interviewees. Therefore, if producing outputs for surveys with GB or UK coverage and using the Scotland harmonised country-specific questions, response categories can only be aggregated and presented at the main-level category because of the variations in the questions being asked. Aspinall has categorised what he regards as a number of "persistent problems with salient collective terminology". This review came with specific requirements for the ethnicity classification for Scotland, which was subsequently discussed by Members of the Scottish Parliament and amended for use on the Scottish Census. As with earlier censuses, individuals who did not identify as "Black", "White" or "Asian" could instead write in their own ethnic group under "Other ethnic group". However, it is clear that many of the disadvantages and other experiences associated with ethnic minority status continue long after naturalisation has been completed. Therefore, if producing outputs for surveys with GB or UK coverage and using the Scotland harmonised country-specific questions, response categories should be aggregated and presented at the main-level category, and it will be necessary to explain differences in footnotes see data presentation for details. There appear to be 2 factors determining the ethnic group that is recorded for each respondent: their own choice of how they view their own ethnicity the list of options are presented to them The first consideration is the most straightforward; the ethnic group that each person chooses as his or her own is intrinsically the ethnic group of self-identity, rather than being ascribed by anyone else. This question is recommended when a show card is used in a face-to-face interview or self-completion survey both paper and electronic. Additionally, individuals who did not identify as "Black", "White" or "Asian" could write in their own ethnic group under "Other ethnic group". To remedy this, the Muslim Council of Britain proposed that this census category should be broken down instead into specific ethnic groups. Key legislation This section provides a brief overview of the key legislation relating to ethnicity, national identity and religion. The new ethnicity classification was published in July , and details of the classification including research, consultation and question-testing can be found at the Scottish Government website. The proportion of White British decreased in the remaining local authorities in England and Wales, with the largest decrease in Barking and Dagenham at
Some experts, community and special interest group respondents also pointed out that the 'Black African' category was too broad. For instance, Persons with multiple ancestries could indicate their respective ethnic backgrounds under a "Mixed or multiple ethnic groups" write-in area.
In the main, it provides advice on how to ask questions on ethnic group and how to present data from surveys using the recommended harmonised country-specific questions for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
The Office for National Statistics explain this as follows: Is a person's ethnic group self-defined? What is express consent? Kertzer and Dominique Arel argue that this is the case in many censuses, and that "the case of Britain is illuminative of the recurring failure to distinguish race from ethnicity". However, in order to meet the duty, public bodies need to understand the impact of their work, and collecting monitoring information is likely to be an effective way of gathering sufficient information to enable them to do this. Different aspects of ethnicity Since ethnicity is a multifaceted and changing phenomenon, various possible ways of measuring ethnic groups are available and have been used over time. Aspinall has categorised what he regards as a number of "persistent problems with salient collective terminology". Ealing London had the largest decrease at 2. Section 75 of the Northern Ireland Act Section 75 of the Northern Ireland Act requires public authorities, in carrying out their functions relating to Northern Ireland, to have due regard to the need to promote equality of opportunity: between persons of different religious belief, political opinion, racial group, age, marital status or sexual orientation; between men and women generally; between persons with a disability and persons without; between persons with dependants and persons without.
It is not recommended that categories are removed from the response options available to children as their choice should not be limited because of their age or other factors.
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